Lorem Ipsum

techno9

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Donec vel libero at lectus rutrum vestibulum vitae ut turpis. Ut ultricies pulvinar posuere. Nulla rutrum, libero nec pharetra accumsan, enim leo blandit dui, ac bibendum augue dui sed justo. Interdum et malesuada fames ac ante ipsum primis in faucibus. Duis sit amet fringilla mauris. Ut pharetra, leo id venenatis cursus, libero sapien venenatis nisi, vel commodo lacus urna non nulla. Duis rutrum vestibulum ligula sed hendrerit. Ut tristique cursus odio, et vulputate orci fringilla nec. Proin tempus ipsum ut augue consectetur, in varius dolor bibendum. Proin at dapibus nisl.

Aliquam purus lectus, sodales et est vitae, ullamcorper scelerisque urna. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nulla feugiat, nunc nec gravida varius, nisl tellus dictum purus, a tristique purus lectus eget orci. Vivamus faucibus diam erat, vitae venenatis neque convallis vitae. Etiam eget iaculis arcu. Duis id nisl sapien. Aliquam erat volutpat. Interdum et malesuada fames ac ante ipsum primis in faucibus. Quisque luctus lorem a odio congue auctor. Suspendisse potenti. Nunc convallis, ante sit amet lobortis eleifend, orci dolor lacinia diam, quis luctus ante magna non sem. Phasellus pretium aliquam enim, a suscipit elit sodales vel. Proin tincidunt quis ipsum in condimentum. Vivamus molestie sodales erat et feugiat. Maecenas venenatis, leo in adipiscing commodo, eros tellus dapibus dui, in dignissim risus ligula id elit.

Class aptent taciti sociosqu ad litora torquent per conubia nostra, per inceptos himenaeos. Nulla facilisi. Donec semper nisi non enim pulvinar venenatis. Vestibulum semper metus.

Publishing Your Articles with Article Submitter Software

techno13

Article Directories have become very popular for both, the authors who want their articles published and the pepole who are looking for content for their ezines or sites. But this has lead to a huge amount of article directories on the internet, which makes it impossible to submit Your Articles to all of them by hand.

The solution to getting published by as many directories as possible is to use automatic article submitter software. These tools will auto-fill the forms at the article directory sites for You and thus save You tons of time. Article Instant Submitter will also have more than 150 directories You can post to. This will save YOu time and effort searching the net for all of these.

By getting Your article published with a submission software You will greatly increase the chances of getting published on sites or ezines other than the article directory. This will dramatically increase the amount of traffic You will recieve and give You more quality backlinks to boost Your Link Popularity.

Getting Your Article out to all sites possible always ensures that Your article and link is going to be picked up by a search engine spider rather fast than slow. The more listings You create, the higher Your chances of seeing Your website in the search results in just days.

So use an Article Instant Submitter and give Your article all the exposure it needs to become a successful promotion tool for You and to get published more often. This will help You to build reputation online and get Your web-sites listed higher up in the search engines!

Written by Thomas Kraemer I`m Web Marketer from Germany the North of and use Article Marketing to increase my sites position in search-engines dramatically. Find more Infos on Article Instant Submitter at my website:

Computer Tech Support, the Best Solution To Fix Computer Issues

techno20

Computer problems are quite common these days and one who faces such problems knows how annoying the situations are. There are operating system issues, network issues, and much more. Malware infection and security threats are the biggest concern to the pc users everywhere around the world. A really wonderful using a laptop or a desktop, errors could crop up anytime which is also without any prior notice. How to fix computer problems? Or, how to protect your PC from facing such situations? Well, that is what we are going to discuss here. Wish to consider discuss about the best solution to keep PC problems at bay. A really wonderful a beginner or have used computer for quite a while, one thing you should never forget where you can avoid a number of the PC problems with just proper Computer Tech Support.

Let me palm very simple example. You love your car very much and to keep your car at its best working condition you should take it to the service centre and get the servicing job done consistently. Your computer also requires maintenance and it should be done regularly. Either you can take your computer to computer repair shop for servicing or you can do the job solely. Now, you may say you do not have that long to haul your computer to a PC repair shop and wait for days to be back. Therefore you don’t have adequate skill and expertise to perform the maintenance task or troubleshoot the issues that it really is having. Don’t worry; we have an outstanding solution for you.

Known as Computer Tech Support repair, be thought of as the best solution to fix computer issues and maintain it at best working condition. In this mode of computer repair services are delivered online via the Internet and telephone. You don’t need to take your computer to the repair shop; or call a technician to your property; instead services are delivered right on your desk. Since online computer services are delivered 24 / 7, you can avail it at your convenient time. Should you be wondering about the quality of services, it is in fact far better than onsite computer repair? Services are mostly delivered by the certified technicians who are Microsoft, Apple, Linux certified. They offer various Computer tech support plans. By subscribing these plans you can avail their regular PC maintenance services. The price tag on the service is quite reasonable and it’s lower than onsite computer repair. This means, you get quality services to resolve your PC issues 24/7 at a very convenient price.

visit to :

Google Io Showcases Wearable Technologies

techno7

It seems that wearable technology is going to be the in thing in the next few years. During the 2012 Google I/O, a major theme that was being pushed would be technology that would be wearable by the consumers.

Instead of having to bring along a separate device in bags or pant pockets, it seems that Google (and other tech companies for that matter) would want users to actually wear them as part of their outfit. Perhaps the idea behind this is that it would make the device much more embedded into the lives of its users.

Historical Use:

Industry observers mentioned that the idea is not that far-fetched. In fact, the military would already have prototypes and actual products of utilizing wearable computers. Usually, these military themed devices are used either for their communications capabilities or their GPS functionalities. However, the trend is to slowly bring these military devices into use for regular consumers.

In fact, there are now more companies who have tried to integrate their devices into more wearable designs. For example, MIT researches have long been looking at how they can manufacture wearable computers. Another example would be on how Apples iPod Nano has now made a wristband like peripheral which you could use to wear the highly capable device as a wrist watch.

Googles take:

Not one to be left behind by technology, Google also has something up their sleeve. They have previously announced the Google Glass. Google glass is a wearable device that would provide its users with a video game like heads up display while they are doing their everyday tasks.

Some analysts believe that Googles involvement in wearable technology would help push forward the acceptance of wearable devices. As of now, the use and acceptance of it is usually limited to the aforementioned military uses as well as to some of the rich and tech savvy people.

Analysts are speculating that similar to what happened with Android and smartphones, a Google role in the push for wearable technologies would also help push the number of devices that would provide this kind of function to the consumers,

Of course, people should note that despite the Google glass being highlighted in this years Google I/O, the actual thing is still in development. Many experts believe that the soonest that it would become available for commercial release would still be in 2 or 3 more years.

MLM Software Choose To Get Result

techno20

An entrepreneur can choose a MLM software for various reasons. This Software is a great tool can easily be owned and can easily be run on your own and definitely can boost your own business. Generally, people get confused about the development of this Software as to whether they should develop it of their own, or they should hire the services of some provider.

Those who want to choose marketing software should try to know that this software does not consist of only programming but also good domain knowledge of marketing. The world of MLM marketing is on cut throat competition and every mlm company must keep that in mind to get success. The selection of marketing Software should be done very carefully because if on one hand, good Software can bring success to a creeping business and on the other hand, bad, irrelative and ineffective marketing Software can ruin even good running business. Therefore, the required precaution should be taken before selection of the Software. Same is true for the providers of this Software as well.

When you are searching for some company for getting the multi level marketing software, you must select the Software that is right for your business need and as par your requirement and budget. The market study should be done cautiously, and the search should stop at the best provider Company in the market. From here onwards short listing of some MLM companies should be done and the records of their accomplishment should be verified. Then the selection of the company should be made on the basis of experience and latest technological approach in the market. Try to get knowledge about the support packages. In this way, you will get knowledge about the Company that suits your need.

It is always recommended for you to shortlist at least 2-3 MLM companies for getting network marketing software. It will help you make you to take your decision wisely. You should make one thing crystal clear in your mind that whatever mlm marketing software you choose should be able to make your business stronger, smarter and grow better.

Increase Multimedia Keyboard Experience

techno16

It’s been a long time since manufacturers started including extra keys on their keyboards. These keys were supposed to increase usability and offer shortcuts for many typical tasks. But how many computer users were actually using these extra keys?

In point of fact, not many. Each manufacturer provided their own sets of keys, and unique keyboard drivers that people were reluctant to install, and bulky buggy software that was supposed to handle extra key presses.

Keyboard Maniac adds a new dimension to the ability to control applications on your computer using convenient keyboard shortcuts and on any keyboard from any manufacturer. Put your music at your fingertips by controlling your favorite multimedia player with dedicated multimedia keys. Use your wireless keyboard as a powerful, fully functional remote control for watching movies. Save time by scripting your day-to-day tasks with pre-recorded keyboard macros.

Assign a single, easy-to-remember keyboard shortcut that does all the complex actions with a single press by recording global or application-specific macros. Macros are sets of key presses and mouse clicks that are invoked with the push of a single keyboard shortcut.
Winamp, Windows Media Player and PowerDVD are three popular media players. They all have controls to play, pause and rewind music or videos. Can your multimedia keyboard control all of them? Keyboard Maniac allows the same keys and shortcuts on your keyboard to work in different applications, allowing you to assign a single easy to remember key to control the music in various media players.

Keyboard Maniac is not limited to just the media players either. You can also assign convenient keys for the actions you perform most often in the office. For example, you can insert and format a complex table with a single key press. You could even program that key to work in a similar fashion in several completely different products, such as Microsoft Excel and OpenOffice Calc!

The unique features of Keyboard Maniac allow using mouse clicks as part of your keyboard shortcuts. For example, you could assign your mouse wheel to control volume in the media player, while holding Shift and rotating the mouse wheel could control Previous or Next track.

There are many multimedia devices on the market, such as joysticks, gaming pads, steering wheels and dedicated remote controls. In most cases Keyboard Maniac lets you use these devices in just the manner that you find most convenient, allowing you to control Web browsing with a steering wheel or closing windows with a joystick’s ‘Fire!’ button.

Keyboard Maniac increases your PC performance by saving extra memory and CPU cycles typically consumed by the monstrous proprietary software bundled by many keyboard manufacturers. Keyboard Maniac supports your keyboard directly and requires no additional drivers or OEM software.

Download a free evaluation version at

The HD7 By HTC Is A Powerful Multimedia Device

techno3

The two companies, HTC and Microsoft have already worked together on a number of smartphones, including the aesthetically pleasing and powerful HD7.

Running on the Windows Phone 7 operating system, featuring an astonishing touch screen and a 5 mega pixel camera the HTC HD7 is a great handset for people enthusiastic about multimedia and entertainment features.

The 4.3 inch screen offers superb quality at 480 x 800 pixel resolution and with an image display of up to 16 million colours, which are brilliant and clear leading to a sharp and crystal clear picture quality. It is an excellent phone for viewing photos, videos or for gaming. The metal around the camera on the back of the handset can be flipped out to stand the phone up, allowing users to watch videos in full screen landscape mode.

The HTC HD7 operating system’s user interface is effective and powerful, yet simple in concept. The Windows Phone 7 features tile layout of icons with live updates. Thus, the email client icon will show the number of unread messages, while the SMS and phone icons will display the missed calls, voicemails and unread text messages, allowing users an instant overview.

For users to comfortably store their music, video and photo files on the handset, 8 GB internal storage is offered as standard. This amount should be more than enough for most users without requiring extra storage through a micro SD card. The phonebook can accommodate a virtually unlimited number of contacts and also has a photocall feature.

Similarly to the other HTC models, browsing the internet is a pleasure with the HTC HD7. It uses Internet Explorer and internet access is achieved though HSDPA connection where there is 3G coverage – with speeds of up to 7.2 Mbps. Wi-Fi connection is also available, connecting to local wireless networks and leading to a superior browsing experience. The phone can be connected to other compatible devices using micro USB or Bluetooth connectivity. GPRS and EDGE are used for the handset to be connected to cellular networks.

The 5 mega pixel camera ensures quality digital photography. It can also be used to shoot HD video footage in 720p quality. The camera comes with such great features as autofocus, dual-LED flash and geo-tagging which, through GPS, identifies the place where the photos were taken.

The Windows Phone 7 perfectly works with the powerful 1 GHz Qualcomm Snapdragon processor. The very same processor is being used in several high end smartphones because of its proven reliability and effectiveness.

All the above mentioned features and specifications are just the tip of the iceberg, as the HTC HD7 has a lot more exciting features. It is an ideal handset for individuals looking for something different or who are not enthused by the other smartphones on the market.

Check out the best HTC HD7 deals and HTC 7 Mozart deals

My Keepon – Dancing Robot Review

techno16

My Keepon Dancing Robot is extremely cute yet quite simple. Physically it is like two tennis balls, one on top of the other. This yellow type snowman has round black eyes and a black nose and is placed on a platform. There is an ultra sensitive microphone inside the nose of the My Keepon which easily picks up music or any tunes whether hummed or whistled. It even detects clapping and patting. This little robot spontaneously dances when music is played as the beats are detected by the microphone.

My Keepon Dancing robot has two modes of operation; the dance mode and the touch mode. The modes can be selected by two buttons at the bottom of the platform. In the dance mode, this toy robot can detect music and move along with the rhythm. An interesting fact about the My Keepon is that it does not repeat its moves when the same song or music is played twice. The amazing moves it makes are simply awesome.

This toy robot is designed in such a way that it longs for your attention and will respond to your touch. There are sensors hidden under the soft textured skin and when you touch it, it moves and makes expressive sounds. There are four touch spots on its body; one each in front, back and on left and right side. When you poke it in the back, it turns to face you. You can pat it, tickle it and you can even make it sneeze by scratching its nose. It displays a variety of emotions and moods such as happy, sleepy, annoyed, excited, and curious and a lot more. My Keepon Dancing Robot requires eight AA batteries to work but it also comes with an AC adapter socket but you will have to purchase the AC adapter separately.

Although it was meant for kids aged 6 years and above, because of its responses My Keepon Dancing has become a favorite toy of people of all ages as not only children but even adults love it.

What To Do When Your Computer Locks Up

techno15

A computer locking up could happen to anyone. It happens to those who are using the computer for basic tasks such as email and documents, to those heavy gamers and programmers who try to squeeze out every last drop of computing power that their system has. In fact, many support calls to Didsbury Computer repair companies would often revolve around questions about a computer freeze or lock up.

While it would be easy to just chuck the frozen computer and purchase a new one, it is not a viable option for everyone. There may be files that are stored or there really is no budget for a new system. As such, here are some tips that you could do to try and fix your computer in the event that it would freeze or lock up while you are using it.

Perhaps its a problem with the software:

If you have recently installed or uninstalled something on your computer, then it may have caused a conflict with your current system environment. These conflicts could definitely lead to your system to lock up. You may want to try and restore to a previous setting if you suddenly experience your computer locking up after changes made either through install or uninstall of computer software.

Remember that it is a good practice to take note of any changes that you have done so that you can mention it to the Didsbury computer repair people if ever you would want to contact them to fix your computer problems. This would allow them to check for any kind of software issues.

Hardware compatibility or failure:

Another common cause of computer lock up would be hardware instability issues. If you have recently attached a new piece of equipment (RAM, video card, other on board peripherals) then it could be a cause of the lock up. It would be a great idea to first check with a Didsbury Computer Repair company to see if your system is actually compatible with the parts that you are planning to purchased and install on your computer system.

If you did not install any new item, then you should check if any of your parts are already experiencing failure due to wear and tear.

There are some free tools which you could use to check this, but if you are not that tech savvy, you may want to ask a Didsbury Computer Repair service to do the checking for you. Visit Chorlton Computer Repair Services for more info.

Market Trends Of Hardware Lock

techno8

At current the competition of lock market has changed from simple price competition to quality competition of the product. Most companies begin to realize the true importance of product quality, thus they strengthen the capacity of implementation of standards and product quality testing capabilities. Various kinds of representative laboratory, testing center have been established. They lay a solid foundation for improving the quality of lock products in China.

The first trend is the integration of culture in the industrial design and the concern of individual taste. The style and variety of lock hardware in the market are numerous. But the one that really bring cultural content into the design concept from the start is rare. Now the hardware R & D team tries to explore from this area since a few years ago.

The second trend is the attention to the user experience and personalized product. Developers made a wide range of study on the existing indoor lock in the market from product applications, user needs, consumer habits start. They combine the feedback of senior industrial customers and the door factory, making new designs of the lock feature to meet the needs of their families.

The third trend of lock and supporting hardware is the rise of biometric technology. The development of smart and intelligent hardware locks will upgrade lock and hardware application to a new height. Home intelligent may enter the homes of ordinary people in the near future.

Currently, the technology and the intelligent high-tech locks, including IC card lock, fingerprint lock have gradually won recognition in the high-end consumer due to its unique convenience and the mature technology. They have got a place in the market.

The fourth trend is the focus on product innovation and patent applications to enhance the core competitiveness. The protection of intellectual property is increasingly standard.

The fifth trend is the complete solution of locks and related hardware. China has now formed a total of five major series and 18 complete product lines of smart door locks, building locks, door hardware, and bathroom hardware category.

The sixth trend is to emphasize attention to details of products and product quality improvement to reflect the understanding of the product content and consumer tastes from the details.

Analysts of the hardware lock industry say that the fierce competition of lock market has changed from simple price competition to quality competition of the product. Most companies must realize the true importance of product quality and strengthen the capacity of implementation of standards and product quality testing capabilities.

Desk Computers Specs What Do They Mean

techno12

Have you ever looked at the specs for a computer and felt like you were reading another language? Gigahertz (GHz), Gigabytes (GB) and Terabytes (TB) are common terms in computer advertisements, but what do they mean to a person in the real world. Lets get behind the numbers to find out what they really mean and why you need them.

RAM

Random-Access Memory (RAM) is a form of computer data storage which allows the information to be accessed by the Central Processing Unit (CPU). This memory is reset each time the computer is turned off. By increasing the amount of RAM in your computer, you allow it to work faster by reducing the need of the CPU to access information on the hard drive, which is read at a much slower rate than the RAM. Typical sizes of RAM on new computers range from 1GB on the lowest end computer, to around 8GB on the most optimized models.

Hard Drive

In addition to RAM storage that is erased every time the computer is turned off, every computer also has storage that isnt erased where all necessary programs, documents, and operating information is stored. This storage is called the hard drive. Hard drives are much larger than RAM because the amount of long-term storage necessary is much larger than short term. For example, a computer is required to have 16GB of hard drive space available for Windows 7 alone. To give an idea of how much storage some of these hard drives hold, a large high resolution photo can easily take 2 to 3 megabytes of space. A two hour movie will take about 2GB, whereas 1TB is about the same amount of information as all the books of a large library, or around 1,610 CDs worth of data. Drives range from around 40GB for a lowly computer to a massive 2TB, which could store the contents of two large libraries.

Clock Speed

The clock speed is a measure of how quickly a computer conducts basic computations and operations. The clock speed is measured in megahertz (MHz), which is a million cycles per second, and gigahertz (GHz), which is one billion cycles per second. Where clock speed is often debated is between different chip makers whose 1GHz always tends to vary slightly. It is important to research the differences between the chipmakers to find out how they stack up against each another.

A great way to compare specs on desktop computers is through Shopping.com. Shopping.com pioneered online comparison shopping and today is one of the fastest growing shopping destinations for a comprehensive set of products from thousands of trusted stores from across the Web. With a singular focus on shopping, Shopping.com offers shoppers easy-to-use search tools, engaging content and time saving navigation, along with millions of unbiased product and merchant reviews from the Epinions community, all in one place.

Factors To Be Concerned In Choosing Door Hardware

techno10

Choosing the perfect door accessories for your house can be fun, but it is essential to remember that there are several factors in line to be considered before finalizing the door accessory. The first criterion which you need to look in while selecting the door hardware is the measurement of the depth, or thickness of the door you are looking in for. This factor is particularly very important incase you are looking forward to purchase the door for an old size or for a door which has unusual sizing pattern. The standard size for a door is suppose to be 1.75 inches, but these days not all the doors are made on the basis of the standard size. So it is very important that incase you are intending to purchase the door then it is important that you take the measurements approximately.
The next aspect which you need to consider is the type of hardware which you require for opening and closing the door. The appropriate option which you can go in for is the door handles, but most of the people these days are finding the operation of levers as a better option than the handles. The levers act as a better option for the smaller children and even for people with the arthritis.
Typically, the outer doors have a dead latch and a dead bolt which is keyed on the thumb button. While you are considering the hardware of the interior door, it is important to note the kind of lock you want for the door, and how much secure should the lock be. It is always advisable that you do not install the keyed side of the lock on the interior of the room, just for the minor reason that the person could get locked inside the room incase they do not have the key. Incase you are installing the system of thumbed button or turn buttons then the person inside can easily get out without much of a strain in times of emergency.
The next aspect which you need to take into account is the appearance of your door. Are you looking forward for the hardware which matches the period of your house, or are you intending for a silver or brass shining on the door so as to reflect the period of the ancient times. Or are you looking forward for the door which suits to the look and feel of your house. It is important to note that a shiny silver door knob will completely tend to be out of place between the burnished brass carriage lights.
The next criterion which you need to consider is the usage of the sturdy material, most of the hardware these days have a special coating called as the physical vapor deposition (PVD) which protects them from the environmental conditions. It is important that you select the material based on the time you are going to devote for maintaining it.

Forex Robots And Leo Trader Pro

techno3

A Forex robot aids in the currency trading process. Forex robot is all about providing automated help in entering and exiting trades with the goal of making a profit. These robots make the entire process of keeping up with the market easy and help you avoid spending too much time on the computer manually. However, Forex robots are programmed to function on just one specific way to trade. They are unable to function effectively with fast changing trends of the markets. Forex robots are not able to perceive the unpredictable forex markets and are unable to strategize uniquely, thus.

Therefore, there arises the need to constantly update the trading softwares. Leo Trader Pro is a revolutionary and unconventional product which employs a unique approach as opposed to the unconventional approach of the other trading robots. Leo trader is the first Neutral Network robot which is adaptive of the current market conditions. Neutral Networks are trained every single day before the trades are signaled to make them adaptable to current market conditions. The Leo Trader seems to be based upon practical strategies which will ensure usage of current market condition as well as the market trends from the past. Analyzing, understanding and observing, followed by perception and improvisation based on the research and comprehension of market situations and trends is what would be the basic principle of work with Leo Trader Pro. This system of operation with these advanced robots is a human way of thinking. Ability to take precise trading decisions rather than indicator readings is something which stands ou
t in these robots. There will be a marked rise in profits with the help of these robots and the efficiency of this system is more likely to strengthen further over time undoubtedly!

The Leo Trader has made available the account investor password to the general public. This means that one can use ones copy of the Meta Trader 4 to log into the account and verify the performance of their trading robot. This serves as the standard of proof. Letting out passwords is something that has been done for the first time. Also, Leo Trader has established a genuine development in the market by ensuring a testimony by a CEO of a major brokerage.

Best Internet Tv Software For Your Laptop Or Pc

techno11

What’s the very best Internet TV Software? I won’t tell a lie… I travel a lot and usually have my laptop with me for either work or pleasure. In April, whilst in Vegas at a WSOP circuit tournament, and back at my hotel room, I just didn’t feel like watching your regular programming on US TV. Boring, boring! And I certain didn’t feel like working.

So out came the laptop to check my emails, one of which was for Internet TV Software program. “Why not”, I said. It was of those having a one-time payment… not 1 of those where you had to pay a monthly fee. Well, it was the best purchase I’ve ever made. There I was watching uncensored Web TV, including adult stuff, from over the world. Not just that… I had good music also. Best component is… I got to test drive it for totally free.

Of course the software didn’t consist of paid channels like Showtime, but who cares because they always run the same movies over and over once more. I had a bunch of programs from all over the world that I didn’t even know existed. It’s an awesome tool allowing me to watch free media 24/7 via any web connection a your hotel/motel.

Downloading one of these is probably one of the very best purchases I’ve ever produced for my computer. I had instant access to over 3000 of totally free channels with fantastic content, and completely uncensored. Get what I mean. I never thought Internet TV Software could be this great. You are able to turn your home or work PC into a Global Entertainment Center.

From the privacy of your laptop or PC you are able to watch news channels from all over the world. Watch soccer along with additional sports programming from Mexico, Ireland, France, and SEXY programming from Europe. You will not think how much selection there is within the channels. See what you are astutely missing!

In the event you wish to learn much more about this Internet TV Software, I extremely suggest you think about visiting: Web TV Software program.

Science & social responsibility in public health

techno17

Epidemiologists and environmental health researchers have a joint responsibility to acquire scientific knowledge that matters to public health and to apply the knowledge gained in public health practice. We examine the nature and source of these social responsibilities, discuss a debate in the epidemiological literature on roles and responsibilities, and cite approaches to environmental justice as reflective of them. At one level, responsibility refers to accountability, as in being responsible for actions taken. A deeper meaning of responsibility corresponds to commitment to the pursuit and achievement of a valued end

Public health ethics is on the map. In the past year, bioethicists and public health practitioners have begun to focus their critical attention on this complex and understudied topic. Much remains to be done. Childress et al. (2002), for example, describe their account of public health ethics as a rough conceptual map of a terrain with undefined boundaries.

Our focus will be on the responsibilities of epidemiologists, a choice made for several compelling reasons. Epidemiology sits at the center of the science and practice of environmental health, and more generally, at the center of public health. Although it is often referred to as a basic science of public health, epidemiology connects the acquisition of scientific knowledge with its application in preventive interventions, programs, and policies. This connection suggests a fundamental question: What are our responsibilities as epidemiologists? Do we, for example, have a joint responsibility to participate in science and to apply the knowledge gained? This is a key concern for us as researchers, health professionals, and as teachers.

The social responsibility of public health professionals is but one of many concerns in the broader picture of public health ethics. It is nevertheless a central concern. As Ogletree (1996) reminds us, responsibility is a concept particularly well suited to flame many key aspects of the ethics of professions faced with making decisions and taking actions in complex situations. These decisions often involve advanced technologies, high levels of specialization, and overlapping areas of expertise and concern among decision makers from diverse educational, political, and social backgrounds, precisely the situation in contemporary epidemiology and public health. In sum, responsibility organizes many (although not all) of public health’s ethical issues in terms appropriate for professional practitioners.

Responsibility has a deeper meaning as well, corresponding to commitment. To be responsible means to be committed to someone or to some thing. Being responsible in this deeper sense involves a commitment to positive action, to the pursuit and achievement of something of value, such as a social good (Jonas 1984). We will return to the notion of social goods in public health. For now, we want to emphasize that responsibility focuses attention on professional commitments

Finally, our inquiry is intended to assist all public health researchers who seek to define their social responsibilities. For those who are involved primarily in environmental health research, we can think of at least two connected and current topics–environmental justice and community-based participatory research.

What is Architectural Programming

techno9

The short answer is that Architectural programming is everything you need to know before you draw. The longer answer is that programming is a process that an Architect leads a client through to identify and articulate what the projects objectives and constraints are now and in the future. This process will involve our asking questions then listening. At the end of the process we will establish the project design objectives a list of your needs, wants, and priorities in written and numerical form. The result will be a detailed work plan that will guide the Planning and Design process. Good, detailed programming is imperative to a successful project.

The final deliverables of Architectural Programming are a Project Narrative, Program Statement, Adjacencies Diagram, and a Preliminary Budget. The Project Narrative is an overview of the entire project explaining the project scope and goals. It also contains descriptions of each department and functional spaces such as lobbies, meeting rooms, and cafeterias. The Program Statement is an overall numerical summary of the project (spreadsheet) identifying all individual requirements at a departmental level. We suggest that this statement include the following minimum information: existing spaces, proposed new spaces, future expansion, and tabulation of all space requirements including circulation, wall, and mechanical space. The Adjacencies Diagram is a graphically depiction of the spacial relationship of all the program elements to one another. The Preliminary Budget is an opinion of probable cost based on simple square footage cost of similar projects. Using experience from similar past projects we will recommend space needs, in the case of a unique requirement we will specifically study special space needs and adjacencies.

Recommended Steps in the process
1.Identify the basic elements and set up a structure for collecting information and making decisions.
a.Review existing organizational charts and employee lists
b.Identify all influencers and decision makers
c.Clarify how decision will be made
i.Who reviews and makes recommendation
ii.Who makes final decisions
2.Interview Key Personal
3.Distribute a questionnaire to Staff
a.Collect, tabulate and analyze survey results.
4.Perform a detailed survey of the existing space
a.Identify structural elements
b.Identify wall construction including demountable partitions for possible relocation
5.Inventory existing furnishing, fixture and equipment
a.Identify items for reuse, refurbishment and replacement
6.Conduct Engineering analysis of existing electrical, mechanical, plumbing, fire protection, life safety, phone system and data infrastructure.
7.Conduct building code analysis and meet with local code authorities.
8.Produce Program Deliverables
a.Project Narrative
b.Program Statement
c.Adjacencies Diagram
d.Preliminary Budget